Greyhound History: Origins of the World’s Fastest Dog

Greyhounds are a breed of dog that has captured people’s hearts worldwide with grace, speed, and beauty. But where did this remarkable breed come from?

In this article, we will take a closer look at the history and evolution of the greyhound, from its origins in ancient civilizations to its role as a beloved pet and racing dog today.

Ancient Origins: Greyhounds in Antiquity

The history of the greyhound can be traced back to ancient times when they were prized for their speed and hunting abilities. Let’s take a closer look at their role in ancient societies.


The ancient Egyptians were known for their love of animals, and the greyhound was no exception.

The earliest confirmed records of dogs with greyhound-type features date back about 8000 years! Interestingly, all sighthounds that exist today are descendants of the ancient greyhound.

Greyhounds were treated like gods, as the Egyptians believed they had divine powers, and even mummified them alongside their owners.

The Pharaoh Hound, a close relative of the greyhound, was also highly regarded by the Egyptians and is thought to have been used for hunting and as a companion.


The Greeks were fond of greyhounds and used them for hunting and racing. They held the first organized greyhound races and even had a special breed of greyhound known as the Greek Harehound.

white greyhound walking


The Romans were fans of the greyhound and used them for hunting and entertainment. They even had a goddess, Diana, who was often depicted with a pack of greyhounds by her side.

Medieval Europe

During the Middle Ages, greyhounds were often associated with nobility and used for hunting games like deer, foxes, and hares. They were also popular among artists and writers, who often included greyhounds in their works.

Art and Literature

Greyhounds also became popular in art and literature during this period.

Many famous paintings and sculptures from the Renaissance feature greyhounds, including works by Leonardo da Vinci and Albrecht Dürer.

Greyhounds in Hunting

Greyhounds have a long history as hunting dogs. They were used to hunt various game, including deer, hares, and foxes. As mentioned previously, the use of greyhounds in hunting can be traced back to ancient times.

Emergence of Coursing

Coursing is a form of hunting where greyhounds chase a game without killing it. Unsurprisingly, the sport emerged in the Middle Ages and quickly became popular among the nobility.

Coursing was considered a refined sport and was often associated with chivalry.

greyhound sprinting

Modern Hunting

Today, greyhounds are still used in hunting, although their use is less common than it once was.

Hunting to Racing Evolution

United Kingdom

Over time, the role of the greyhound began to shift from hunting to racing. In the 16th century, Queen Elizabeth I of England was said to have been a fan of the sport, and greyhound racing quickly became popular among the nobility.

United States

Greyhounds were brought to America by Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century and were primarily used for hunting in the early days of the country’s history. However, they soon began to gain popularity as companion animals, and today they are a beloved breed among dog lovers.

In the 19th century, greyhound racing became more organized, with the first official races being held in the United States in the late 1800s.

In the early 20th century, greyhound racing began to gain popularity in the United States. The sport quickly spread nationwide, opening dozens of tracks in Florida, Texas, and Arizona.


Greyhounds also went to Australia, where they became popular as racing dogs. The first greyhound race in Australia was held in 1927, and the sport has continued to be popular.

Racing and Beyond

While greyhound racing has faced criticism in recent years due to concerns over animal welfare, many people, unfortunately, still enjoy watching these magnificent dogs compete.

Cruelty of Greyhound Racing

Greyhound racing has been criticized for its treatment of racing dogs. This is because they are often kept in cramped conditions and are subjected to cruel training methods.

Many racing greyhounds are also euthanized if they are deemed no longer profitable.

greyhound origin

Decline of Greyhound Racing

Despite its early success, greyhound racing has declined in popularity recently. It is not as popular a pastime in some countries as in the past, such as the United States. This is due to concerns over the treatment of racing greyhounds which have led to calls for the sport to be banned.

Greyhounds as Companions

While greyhounds are still used for racing and hunting in some parts of the world, they are also beloved pets in many households. Pleasingly there has been a rise of greyhounds being adopted as household pets.

Greyhounds are gentle and affectionate in nature and are wonderful companions for families and individuals.

Anatomy and Characteristics

Greyhounds are a unique dog breed with distinct appearance and characteristics. They have long, slender bodies, powerful legs, and deep chests. They also have a keen sense of sight and smell.

Greyhounds are generally a healthy breed with a 10-14 years lifespan. They are low-maintenance dogs with short, smooth coats that require minimal grooming.

However, they have a high prey drive and should be supervised around small animals.

Adoption and Rescue

While many greyhounds are still used for racing and hunting in some parts of the world, they are also available for adoption after they retire from their careers. These dogs make wonderful pets and are often in need of loving homes.

Due to this, greyhound rescue organizations work tirelessly to find homes for retired racing dogs and provide them with the care and attention they deserve.

Adopting a retired greyhound is a rewarding experience, as these dogs are often already trained and well-behaved. Many organizations also provide support and resources to help new owners adjust to life with their new pets.

A-Z Greyhounds highly recommends them as pets to anyone considering rescuing these pups.

Health and Care

Greyhounds are generally healthy, but like all dogs, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some common health concerns for greyhounds include hip dysplasia, bloat, and dental issues.

Regular vet check-ups and preventative care can help keep greyhounds healthy and happy.

Furthermore, they are unique in their care needs, requiring a comfortable, soft bed to rest their long bodies. They need regular exercise but should be kept on a leash or in a secure area due to their high prey drive.

dark greyhound mix

Greyhound Advocacy

In recent years, there has been a growing movement to advocate for the welfare of greyhounds used in racing. This is due to concerns over the treatment of these dogs, including reports of abuse and neglect, which have led to increased scrutiny of the industry and calls for reform.

In light of this, Greyhound advocacy groups work to raise awareness of these issues and promote adoption and rescue efforts. Many organizations also work with lawmakers to pass laws and regulations to protect greyhounds and improve their welfare.


Greyhounds are a remarkable dog breed with a rich history and a bright future. From its origins in ancient civilizations to its role as a beloved pet and racing dog today, the greyhound has captivated people worldwide with its grace, speed, and beauty.

If you are a dog lover looking for a new pet, the greyhound is definitely a breed worth considering.

Victoria Richards

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