Sighthound Breeds: A-Z Guide

Sighthound breeds are a fascinating group of dogs known for their exceptional speed and keen eyesight. These elegant and athletic dogs have been bred for centuries to hunt by sight rather than scent. This article will delve into the world of sighthounds, exploring their origins, characteristics, popular breeds, and more. Whether you’re a dog enthusiast or simply curious about these remarkable canines, join us to discover what sighthounds are.

Popular Types of Sighthound Breeds


Originating from the Middle East, the Saluki is a graceful and regal sighthound. Known for its endurance and agility, this breed has been used for hunting game in arid desert environments for centuries. The Saluki possesses a silky coat that comes in a variety of colors. These dogs are devoted to their families and often exhibit a reserved yet affectionate nature.

Fun Fact: Salukis have a unique hunting style called “gaze-hounding,” they silently track and pursue prey using their exceptional vision and agility.

Check out a Saluki and Greyhound comparison.

saluki on lead

Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is a breed renowned for its striking appearance and flowing coat. Originating from Afghanistan, this sighthound is often considered one of the most glamorous dog breeds. Afghan Hounds have a regal presence and exhibit elegance in their every movement. Despite their dignified appearance, they are also known for their mischievous nature and independence.

Fun Fact: The Afghan Hound’s luxurious coat is visually stunning and provides insulation against extreme temperatures in their native region.

afghan hound sighthound


The Whippet is a smaller sighthound breed that packs a lot of speed and agility into its compact frame. The Whippet is an excellent family companion, often described as a miniature Greyhound.

These dogs are known for their playful and affectionate nature, making them well-suited for families with children. Despite their athleticism, Whippets are happy to curl up on the couch and enjoy the company of their loved ones.

Fun Fact: Similar to their larger counterparts, Whippets are often called “40 mile-per-hour couch potatoes” due to their love for sprinting, followed by long periods of relaxation.

Compare the differences between a Whippet and Italian Greyhound here.

brown whippet yawning


The Borzoi, also known as the Russian Wolfhound, is a sighthound breed originating from Russia. With its long, graceful body and silky coat, the Borzoi is a breed of remarkable beauty.

These dogs possess a gentle and independent temperament, often displaying a reserved nature. Borzois are known for their loyalty and make devoted companions for those who appreciate their regal elegance.

Fun Fact: Borzois have a unique gait called “double suspension gallop,” where all four feet are off the ground twice during each stride.

Interested to know about Borzois vs Greyhounds?

borzoi in the forest

Scottish Deerhound

The Scottish Deerhound is a large and noble sighthound breed with a history dating back centuries. Originally used for hunting deer, these dogs are known for athleticism and power.

Scottish Deerhounds possess a wiry coat and a dignified presence. Despite their size, they are generally gentle and affectionate dogs, forming strong bonds with their families.

Fun Fact: Scottish Deerhounds have a gentle and friendly nature, and they are often referred to as the “gentle giants” of the dog world due to their large size and calm demeanor.

sighthound scottish deerhound

Irish Wolfhound

The Irish Wolfhound is a gentle giant among sighthound breeds. Known for its towering height and immense strength, this breed has a rich history and was often used to hunt wolves and other large games. Irish Wolfhounds are known for their gentle and friendly disposition despite their imposing size, making them great family pets.

Fun Fact: The Irish Wolfhound is one of the tallest dog breeds in the world. Despite their size, they are known for their affectionate and gentle nature.

irish wolfhound a sighthound


The Azawakh is a sighthound breed native to West Africa, specifically the Sahel region. Known for their lean body and unique appearance, the Azawakh are highly regarded by nomadic tribes for their hunting abilities. Fun fact: Azawakhs have a strong bond with their human companions and are known to be fiercely protective of their families.

Fun Fact: Azawakhs have a unique feature called “fringing” on their legs, which gives them a distinctive appearance.

Find out about the differences between an Azawakh and a Greyhound.

azawakh walking


The Sloughi, also known as the Arabian Greyhound, is a sighthound breed originating from North Africa. With its elegant build and keen eyesight, the Sloughi is a skilled hunter and loyal companion. 

Fun fact: The Sloughi is considered a symbol of nobility in its native land and is highly valued by the people of North Africa.

Sloughi dog

Rhodesian Ridgeback

The Rhodesian Ridgeback is a versatile sighthound breed that originated in Southern Africa. Bred to be both a hunter and a protector, this breed is known for its distinctive ridge of hair along its back. The Ridgeback’s ridge results from a genetic trait known as the “ridge gene,” which gives them their name.

Fun Fact: Their ridge of hair running along their backs grows in the opposite direction to the rest of their coat. This distinctive feature gives them their name.

What would a cross between a Rhodesian Ridgeback and Greyhound mix be like?

rhodesian ridgeback dog


The Greyhound is undoubtedly the most well-known and iconic sighthound breed. Renowned for its speed and elegance, the Greyhound has been used for racing and hunting throughout history. With its slender frame and streamlined build, the Greyhound is built for incredible speed and can reach remarkable velocities within seconds.

Greyhounds are known for their exceptional running abilities, are the fastest dog breed, and can reach speeds of up to 45 miles per hour (72 kilometers per hour). Despite its athletic abilities, the Greyhound is a gentle and affectionate pet, often described as a “45-mile-per-hour couch potato, ” due to their prolonged resting periods. 

Fun Fact: Did you know that the Greyhound is the only dog breed mentioned by name in the Bible? Proverbs 30:29-31 describes their agility and swiftness.

greyhound sighthound

Italian Greyhound

The Italian Greyhound is a small sighthound breed that packs a lot of personality into its tiny frame. With its sleek coat and affectionate nature, this breed is popular with families and individuals. Despite their small size, Italian Greyhounds are incredibly fast and agile. They can reach speeds of up to 25 miles per hour!

Fun Fact: Italian Greyhounds are one of the smallest sighthound breeds. Despite their small size, they are known for their athleticism and agility.

iggy greyhound


The Basenji is a small to medium-sized sighthound breed from Central Africa. Known for its unique yodel-like vocalization and independent spirit, the Basenji is a breed like no other. Basenjis are also known for their curiosity and intelligence.

Fun Fact: Basenjis are often called the “barkless dogs” because they produce unique vocalizations that sound more like yodels or howls than traditional barks. 

Interested to find out what a Basenji and Italian Greyhound mix will be like? Check it out here.


Silken Windhound

The Silken Windhound is a relatively new sighthound breed that combines a sighthound’s elegance with a companion dog’s cuddliness. With its silky coat and gentle nature, this breed is a delight to be around.

Silken Windhounds are a breed that combines the traits of Whippets and Borzoi. They are known for their gentle and affectionate nature.

Fun fact: Silken Windhounds are often described as “velcro dogs” because they tend to stick close to their human companions.

silken windhound

The Origins of Sighthounds

Ancient History

Sighthounds have a rich history dating back thousands of years. They were highly regarded in

such as Egypt, Greece, and Persia. Egyptian pharaohs were known to have prized sighthounds for their grace and hunting prowess. Ancient Egyptian art often depicted these dogs, showcasing their importance and close association with royalty.

Early Uses of

In the early days, sighthounds were primarily utilized for hunting purposes. Their incredible speed, agility, and sharp eyesight made them perfect for hunting prey. They would pursue animals like hares, rabbits, and deer, relying on their keen vision to track and capture their quarry. Sighthounds played a significant role in providing food for their human companions and were highly valued for their hunting skills.


Over time, selective breeding led to the development of distinct sighthound breeds, each with unique characteristics and traits. Breeders focused on refining the dogs’ speed, agility, and visual acuity, creating exceptional hunting companions.

Today, we have various sighthound breeds, ranging from the Greyhound, known for its unmatched speed, to the elegant Afghan Hound with its flowing coat.

What Is A Sighthound?

Physical Appearance

Sighthounds are known for their slender yet muscular build. They possess a streamlined body shape that enables them to reach astonishing speeds. Their deep chests, long legs, and flexible spines contribute to their exceptional agility. Sighthounds often have sleek coats that vary in texture and length among different breeds.

Exceptional Speed and Agility

One of the defining characteristics of sighthounds is their remarkable speed. These dogs are

and can reach breathtaking velocities in seconds.

The Greyhound, for instance, is considered the fastest dog breed, capable of running at speeds exceeding 40 miles per hour (64 km/h). Their agile bodies allow them to make quick turns and sudden changes in direction while maintaining balance and control.

Remarkable Eyesight

Sighthounds possess extraordinary eyesight, which is crucial for their hunting abilities. Their eyes are large and positioned laterally, providing them with a wide field of vision.

They also have a higher concentration of rod cells in their retinas, enabling them to detect movement and perceive objects even in low light conditions. This exceptional visual acuity allows sighthounds to spot prey from great distances.

Gentle and Affectionate Temperament

Contrary to their impressive hunting skills, sighthounds are often known for their gentle and affectionate nature. While they may have a strong prey drive, they generally have a calm and laid-back demeanor.

Sighthounds can form deep bonds with their human companions, displaying loyalty and devotion. Despite their athleticism, they are often content with lounging on the couch or enjoying a leisurely walk.

Training and Exercise

Socialization and Obedience Training

Socialization is essential for sighthounds from a young age. Introducing them to various people, animals, and environments helps them develop into well-rounded individuals.

Obedience training is crucial to ensure that sighthounds understand basic commands and exhibit good manners. Positive reinforcement methods work well with these intelligent dogs, as they respond well to praise and rewards.

Physical Exercise Requirements

Sighthounds have a high need for physical exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. Regular opportunities for off-leash running in a secure area are ideal for allowing them to stretch their long legs and satisfy their instinctual drive to run. However, ensuring their safety is important by keeping them away from potential hazards and ensuring they have a solid recall command.

Mental Stimulation

In addition to physical exercise, sighthounds also require mental stimulation to keep them engaged and prevent boredom. Puzzle toys, interactive games, and obedience training sessions can provide mental challenges and keep their sharp minds active. Engaging their instincts through lure coursing or scent games can also be highly stimulating for sighthounds.

Caring for Sighthounds

Grooming Needs

Sighthounds generally have low grooming requirements due to their short or medium-length coats. Regular brushing helps keep their fur clean and free from tangles. Some sighthound breeds may require occasional visits to a professional groomer to maintain the condition of their coats. It’s important to check their ears regularly, as sighthounds can be prone to ear infections.

Nutritional Requirements

A balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for sighthounds’ overall health and well-being. High-quality dog food specifically formulated for their age, size, and activity level is recommended.

Consultation with a veterinarian can help determine the appropriate feeding regimen for individual sighthounds. It’s essential to monitor their weight and adjust their diet to prevent obesity.

Health Concerns

Like all dog breeds, sighthounds may be prone to certain health issues. While the overall health of sighthounds is relatively good, some conditions to be aware of include:

Bloat (Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus): Sighthounds have deep chests, which can make them more susceptible to bloat. Feeding them smaller meals throughout the day and avoiding vigorous exercise immediately after eating can help reduce the risk.

Heart Conditions: Some sighthounds may be prone to certain heart conditions, such as dilated cardiomyopathy. Regular veterinary check-ups and screenings can help detect any potential issues early on.

Eye Problems: Sighthounds can be susceptible to certain eye conditions, including progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts. Regular eye examinations by a veterinarian can help identify and manage these conditions.

Thyroid Issues: Hypothyroidism, characterized by an underactive thyroid gland, can affect sighthounds. Regular blood tests can help monitor thyroid function and ensure early detection and treatment if necessary.

Regular veterinary care, proper nutrition, and a healthy lifestyle are crucial for maintaining the well-being of sighthounds.

Sighthounds as Pets

Suitable Living Environments

While sighthounds are known for their speed and athleticism, they can adapt well to different living environments. Contrary to popular belief, not all sighthounds require large fenced yards to thrive.

Many sighthounds are content living in apartments or smaller homes as long as they receive regular exercise and mental stimulation. However, it’s important to note that sighthounds should never be off-leash in an unsecured area due to their strong prey drive.

Compatibility with Families and Children

Sighthounds can make excellent family pets and are generally good with children. However, it’s important to supervise interactions between sighthounds and young children to ensure the safety of both parties.

Some sighthounds have a sensitive nature and may not appreciate rough handling. Proper socialization and teaching children how to interact respectfully with dogs are essential for a harmonious relationship.

Interacting with Other Pets

Sighthounds can generally coexist peacefully with other pets, including dogs and cats. However, it’s important to introduce them to new animals gradually and under controlled circumstances.

Some sighthounds may have a strong prey drive and may not be suitable for households with small pets, such as rodents or birds. Proper socialization and training can help ensure peaceful interactions between sighthounds and other animals.

Adoption and Rescue

Adopting or rescue can be a wonderful option for those interested in adding a sighthound to their family. Many sighthound rescue organizations are dedicated to finding loving homes for these beautiful dogs.

Adopting a sighthound provides a loving home and gives a second chance to a dog in need. These organizations can provide valuable information and support throughout the adoption process.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the main characteristics of sighthounds?

Sighthounds are known for their exceptional speed, agility, keen eyesight, and elegant appearance. They have a gentle and affectionate temperament, making them wonderful companions.

Are sighthounds suitable for apartment living?

Yes, sighthounds can adapt well to apartment living as long as they receive regular exercise and mental stimulation. However, it’s important to note that they should always be kept on a leash outside due to their strong prey drive.

How fast can sighthounds run?

Sighthound speeds are incredible. The Greyhound, for example, can run at speeds exceeding 40 miles per hour (64 km/h), making it the fastest dog breed.

Do sighthounds require extensive exercise?

Sighthounds have a high need for physical exercise to keep them happy and healthy. They require opportunities for off-leash running in secure areas, but their exercise needs can be met with daily walks and mental stimulation.

Are sighthounds easy to train?

Sighthounds are intelligent dogs but can have an independent streak. Positive reinforcement training methods work best with these dogs; patience and consistency are key. While they may not be as eager to please as some other breeds, they can learn and respond well to training.

What are some common health issues in sighthounds?

While sighthounds are generally healthy dogs, they may be prone to bloat, heart issues, eye problems, and thyroid issues. Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy lifestyle can help prevent and manage these potential health concerns.

Victoria Richards

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