Italian Greyhound Health Issues: Problems You Need To Know

Italian Greyhounds are elegant and graceful dogs known for their slender build and affectionate nature. While these dogs make great companions, it’s essential to be aware of the potential health issues they may face. 

This article will explore some common health problems that Italian Greyhounds can encounter, preventive measures to maintain their well-being, and ways to recognize and address these health issues.

Common Italian Greyhound Health Issues

While they are generally a healthy breed, it’s important to be aware of potential problems that may arise. By understanding these health issues, you can take proactive measures to prevent or manage them, ensuring your Italian Greyhound lives long and fulfilling.

Here are some of the most common health concerns that Italian Greyhounds may face:

Dental Problems

Italian Greyhounds are prone to dental issues like gum disease and tooth decay. Their small mouths and crowded teeth make them more susceptible to plaque buildup. 

Poor dental hygiene can lead to infections, tooth loss, and systemic health problems. Regular brushing, dental examinations, and professional cleanings can help maintain oral health.


Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder in Italian Greyhounds. It occurs when the thyroid gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone, leading to symptoms such as weight gain, lethargy, hair loss, and skin problems. 

Regular thyroid monitoring and appropriate medication can help manage this condition effectively.

cute iggy wearing sweater
Feed me!

Luxating Patella

Luxating patella, or kneecap dislocation, is often seen in small dog breeds, including Italian Greyhounds. This occurs when the kneecap moves out of its normal position, causing discomfort and lameness. 

In mild cases, conservative management with exercise moderation and weight control may be sufficient, but in severe cases may require surgical intervention.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Progressive Retinal Atrophy is an inherited eye disease that affects the photoreceptor cells in the retina, eventually leading to vision loss. Italian Greyhounds can be genetically predisposed to PRA. 

Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect and manage this condition, although no cure is currently available.

Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease

Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease is a degenerative hip disorder commonly found in small dog breeds. It occurs when the blood supply to the femur head is compromised, leading to bone degeneration and hip joint abnormalities. 

Symptoms include lameness, pain, and muscle atrophy. Treatment options may include surgery, physical therapy, and pain management.


Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. Italian Greyhounds may be prone to developing epilepsy, and the exact cause is often unknown.

While there is no cure for epilepsy, medication, and lifestyle adjustments can help manage and reduce the frequency of seizures, improving the dog’s quality of life.


Italian Greyhounds can develop allergies to environmental factors, such as pollen, dust mites, or certain foods. Allergies may manifest as skin irritation, itching, hair loss, or gastrointestinal problems. 

Identifying and avoiding allergens, veterinary guidance, and nice and appropriate treatments like antihistamines or hypoallergenic diets can help manage allergies effectively.


Bloat, also known as gastric dilatation-volvulus, is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that affects deep-chested dog breeds like Italian Greyhounds. 

It occurs when the stomach fills with gas and twists upon itself. Immediate veterinary attention is crucial for this emergency, and preventive measures include feeding smaller, frequent meals and avoiding vigorous exercise after meals.

iggy min pin
Pawsing to take it all in

Sensitivity to Cold

Italian Greyhounds have a thin coat and minimal body fat, making them more sensitive to cold weather. They are prone to hypothermia and discomfort in chilly climates. 

Protecting them with sweaters or coats and providing warm indoor environments during colder seasons is essential to their well-being.

Heat Sensitivity

Unfortunately for Iggies, the inverse can also be an issue. Their low body fat percentage and thin coat make them also susceptible to heat sensitivity and heatstroke. 

Ensure they have access to shade, fresh water, and avoid exposing them to excessive heat. Be cautious when walking them during hot weather.

Skin Sensitivities: A Delicate Epidermis

Italian Greyhounds have sensitive skin that requires special attention. They may be prone to allergies, rashes, and dermatitis. Environmental factors, like harsh weather or chemical, can exacerbate these sensitivities. 

Regular grooming, mild shampoos, and a balanced diet with essential nutrients can help keep your Italian Greyhound’s skin healthy and free from irritation.

Preventive Measures

Maintaining the health and well-being of Italian Greyhounds involves proactive measures to prevent or minimize the impact of potential health issues. Here are some preventive measures to consider:

Regular Dental Care

Brushing your Italian Greyhound’s teeth regularly with dog-friendly toothpaste and providing appropriate dental chews can help prevent dental problems. Regular dental examinations and professional cleanings are also important.

Thyroid Monitoring

Regularly monitoring the thyroid hormone levels in Italian Greyhounds can help identify and manage hypothyroidism early. Work closely with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate monitoring schedule and treatment if needed.

Exercise and Weight Management

Italian Greyhounds require regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and muscle tone. Avoid excessive exercise that can strain their joints, but ensure they have enough physical activity to prevent obesity.

smiling italian greyhound
Are you the pup-arazzi?

Regular Eye Examinations

Scheduled eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect and manage eye conditions such as progressive retinal atrophy. Early detection allows for timely interventions and better management.

Genetic Testing

If you are considering getting an Italian Greyhound, choosing a responsible breeder who performs genetic testing to minimize the risk of inherited health conditions is important. 

Genetic tests can identify potential issues and help you make informed decisions.

Allergen Management

If your Italian Greyhound has allergies, work with your veterinarian to identify and avoid allergens. This may involve changing their diet, using hypoallergenic products, or taking appropriate medications.

Proper Feeding Habits

Establishing a balanced and nutritious diet tailored to your Italian Greyhound’s needs is crucial for their overall health. 

Consult your veterinarian to determine the best diet plan, portion sizes, and feeding schedule.

Temperature Regulation

Protect your Italian Greyhound from extreme temperatures, especially cold weather. Provide warm clothing or shelter when necessary and ensure they have access to a comfortable indoor environment.

Recognizing and Addressing Italian Greyhound Health Issues

Despite preventive measures, health issues may still arise. It’s important to recognize the signs and symptoms of potential problems and take appropriate action. Here are some guidelines:

Signs and Symptoms

Pay attention to changes in your Italian Greyhound’s behavior, appetite, weight, mobility, or coat condition. Watch for discomfort, lameness, excessive scratching, or any other abnormality.

Seeking Veterinary Care

If you notice any concerning symptoms or suspect a health issue, consult your veterinarian promptly. They can conduct the necessary examinations and diagnostics and provide appropriate treatment options.

Treatment options may include medications, surgeries, physical therapy, or lifestyle adjustment, depending on the specific health issues. Work closely with your veterinarian to determine the best course of action for your Italian Greyhound.

black italian greyhound in white sweater
How cute am I?

Home Care Tips

Follow your veterinarian’s instructions regarding home care for your Italian Greyhound. This may include administering medications, providing a specific diet, managing exercise restrictions, or implementing environmental modifications.


Understanding the potential health issues that Italian Greyhounds may face empowers you to provide the necessary care and attention to keep them healthy and happy. You can ensure your Italian Greyhound’s well-being by maintaining good dental hygiene, being proactive about preventive measures, and seeking veterinary guidance when needed. 

Remember, a little extra effort in caring for their health-enhancing the bond you share with your beloved Italian Greyhound.


Are Italian Greyhounds prone to any specific eye conditions?

Yes, Italian Greyhounds can be prone to progressive retinal atrophy (PR is an inherited eye disease that can lead to vision loss over time. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help detect and manage this condition.

How can I prevent dental problems in my Italian Greyhound?

Regular dental care is essential for preventing dental problems in Italian Greyhounds. Brush their teeth regularly, provide dental chews, and schedule dental examinations and cleanings with your veterinarian.

Can Italian Greyhounds develop allergies? 

Italian Greyhounds can develop allergies, which may manifest as skin irritations, itching, hair loss, or gastrointestinal issues. Identifying and avoiding allergies, veterinary guides, and appropriate treatment sets can help manage allergies effectively.

What should I do if I suspect my Italian Greyhound has a health issue?

If you suspect your Italian Greyhound has a health issue, it’s important to consult with your veterinarian promptly. They can conduct examinations and diagnostics and recommend appropriate treatment options based on the specific issue.

What should I do if my Italian Greyhound experiences a seizure?

During a seizure, ensure your Italian Greyhound is crucial safety. Keep the environment clear of hazards, and do not attempt to restrain or interfere with the dog. 

Contact your veterinarian for guidance on managing seizures and potential medication options.

Evan S. Conaway
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