Greyhound Teeth: Dental Health, Diseases, Prevention & Treatment

Greyhounds are known for their slender, athletic build and gentle, laid-back personalities. However, despite their overall healthiness, Greyhounds are prone to specific dental concerns. Greyhound teeth are unique and require specific attention to ensure their dental health.

This article will delve into the various dental health concerns related to Greyhound Teeth, including common diseases, prevention methods, and treatment options. By understanding these issues, veterinarians and greyhound owners can work together to ensure that these beloved pets maintain optimal oral health, specifically their Greyhound teeth, throughout their lives.

Italian Greyhound Teeth

Italian Greyhounds, also known as “IG” or “Iggies,” are a smaller version of the Greyhound breed and have similar dental health concerns as their larger counterparts. However, due to their smaller size and more delicate jaw structure, Italian Greyhound teeth may be more prone to overcrowding, misalignment, and tartar build-up. It’s essential to note that Italian Greyhound teeth are more fragile than Greyhound teeth. As such extra care should be taken when cleaning or handling them.

greyhound dental prevention
Smell’s greyt!

Greyhound Dental Physiology

One of the most notable features of greyhound dental physiology is its long, narrow muzzle. This feature allows for a more pronounced overbite, characterized by the upper incisors extending over the lower incisors. This overbite is a “scissors bite” and is considered a desirable trait in Greyhounds.

In addition to the overbite, Greyhounds have a unique set of teeth. Greyhounds have 42 teeth, which is more than most breeds. This includes 12 incisors, four canines, 16 premolars, and ten molars. The canines, or fangs, of Greyhounds are particularly pronounced, which is another characteristic that sets them apart from other breeds.

Common Greyhound Dental Concerns

Tartar and Plaque Bacteria

One of the most common dental issues in Greyhounds is tartar and plaque build-up. Tartar and plaque are bacterial deposits that form on the teeth and can lead to gum disease, resulting in tooth loss and damage to the jaw.

To prevent tartar and plaque build-up, it’s essential to brush your Greyhound’s teeth regularly and provide them with dental chews and toys that help to clean the teeth and massage the gums. It’s also essential to provide your Greyhound with a balanced and nutritious diet, as a healthy diet can help keep the teeth and gums strong and healthy.

Periodontal Disease

Another concern for Greyhound teeth is periodontal disease. This infection of the gums can cause inflammation, bleeding, and tooth loss. A build-up of tartar and plaque often causes periodontal disease, so keeping your Greyhound’s teeth clean and healthy is essential to prevent this condition from developing.

If your furry friend develops periodontal disease, it’s vital to seek treatment from a veterinarian as soon as possible, as this condition can be excruciating and lead to tooth loss if left untreated.

Tooth Decay

In addition to periodontal disease, Greyhounds may also be at risk for tooth decay. This occurs when bacteria in the mouth produce acid that erodes the tooth enamel, leading to cavities. To prevent tooth decay, it’s crucial to provide them with a healthy diet low in sugar and to brush their teeth regularly. It’s also essential that they drink plenty of fresh water, as this can help to wash away plaque and bacteria and keep the teeth and gums healthy.

Greyhound Dental Abnormalities

Malocclusion

In addition to the dental concerns discussed earlier, Greyhounds may also be prone to specific dental abnormalities. These include malocclusion, the misalignment of the upper and lower teeth, and missing or retained teeth.

Malocclusion is a common issue in Greyhounds and can occur due to genetics or injury. It can cause pain and discomfort for the dog, difficulty eating, and other problems. If your dog has malocclusion, it’s essential to seek treatment from a veterinarian as soon as possible. Treatment options may include braces, extractions, or other procedures to correct the misalignment.

greyhound dental problem
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Missing and Retained Teeth

Missing or retained teeth is another dental abnormality that can occur in Greyhounds. This can be caused by genetics, injury, or other factors. If your dog is missing a tooth or has a retained tooth, it’s essential to seek treatment from a veterinarian as soon as possible. Treatment options may include extractions or other procedures to correct the problem.

Prevention and Maintenance

Greyhound Teeth Brushing

Brushing your Greyhound’s teeth regularly is integral to maintaining good dental health. A veterinarian or professional dog trainer can teach you the proper technique for brushing their teeth, including using a toothbrush and toothpaste specifically designed for dogs.

Dental chews and toys can also help clean the teeth and massage the gums, and providing your Greyhound with a balanced and nutritious diet can help keep the teeth and gums strong and healthy.

It’s worth mentioning that it’s essential to keep your Greyhound’s teeth clean and healthy for their own well-being and to prevent any bad breath, which can be a sign of dental problems. Bad breath can be caused by a build-up of bacteria in the mouth and can be prevented by regular brushing, dental chews and toys.

Regular Dental Check-ups

Regular check-ups with your veterinarian are crucial in the early identification of any dental concerns. These check-ups should include a thorough examination of your pet’s teeth and gums and an assessment of their oral health.

Dental hygiene is crucial not only for the health of your Greyhound’s mouth but also for its overall health. Dental issues such as periodontal disease can lead to more severe health problems, such as heart and kidney disease if left untreated. Therefore, taking a proactive approach to your pet’s dental care is essential.

In addition, regular dental check-ups are also crucial for identifying oral cancer. This disease can manifest itself in the form of tumors in the oral cavity. This disease can be challenging to identify because any symptoms do not always accompany it. Regular check-ups can help detect it early, which is essential for successful treatment.

greyhound dental disease
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Overall Health and Well-being

Paying attention to your Greyhound’s overall health and well-being is essential. This includes providing them with regular exercise, a nutritious and well-balanced diet, and plenty of love and attention.

Treatment

Vet

The first step in addressing dental issues with your Greyhound is to seek treatment from a veterinarian as soon as possible. Your veterinarian will conduct a thorough examination of your pet’s teeth and gums and may take dental x-rays to identify any issues that may not be visible during a physical examination.

They will also assess your pet’s overall oral health and provide you with a treatment plan tailored to your pet’s specific needs.

Mild Dental Issues

If your Greyhound has a mild dental issue, such as plaque or tartar build-up, your veterinarian may recommend a professional cleaning, also known as dental prophylaxis.

This procedure involves a thorough cleaning of your Greyhound’s teeth and gums, as well as a polishing of the teeth. It is typically done under general anesthesia, as it allows for a more thorough cleaning and reduces the risk of injury to the dog.

Severe Dental Issues

Suppose your Greyhound has a more severe dental issue, such as advanced periodontal disease or a broken tooth. In that case, your veterinarian may recommend a more invasive procedure, such as extractions or surgery.

These procedures are typically done under general anesthesia, requiring a recovery period after the procedure. Your veterinarian will provide detailed instructions on how to care for your pet during recovery and monitor your pet’s progress to ensure that they are healing correctly.

greyhound teeth
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Conclusion

Greyhounds are generally healthy. However, like all dogs and pets, they can be susceptible to dental issues. Italian Greyhounds in particular, due to their small size can be more prone to specific health concerns, including dental problems.

By understanding the dental anatomy, common fears, and ways to prevent and treat issues, pet owners can ensure that their pet has a healthy and comfortable life. Regular dental check-ups, diet, exercise, and dental care can help maintain good dental health and prevent dental abnormalities from developing.

If your Greyhound does create a dental concern, it’s essential to seek treatment from a veterinarian as soon as possible to ensure that your pet receives the proper care and treatment.

Picture credit: Pexels

Evan S. Conaway

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